When Did The Modern World Start?

When Did The Modern World Start?

In this video we ask, quite simply: In what year did the modern world begin?

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Music performed by Kevin Macleod Available under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license.
Download available at incompetech.com
Brandenburg Concerto No. 4 in G, Movement I (Allegro), BWV 1049 [orig. by JS Bach]

Picture sources:

By King of Hearts – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=75995171
By Erik Drost – Cleveland Skyline, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=66561634
By No machine-readable author provided. W0lfie assumed (based on copyright claims). – No machine-readable source provided. Own work assumed (based on copyright claims)., CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=673262
By Sémhur – Own work, from Image:Frankish empire.jpg, itself from File:Growth of Frankish Power, 481-814.jpg, from the Historical Atlas by William R. Shepherd (Shepherd, William. Historical Atlas. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1911.), CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2919958
By Alexander Altenhof – Own work. Source of Information:Historical atlases– Map "1815 – L’Europe apès le Congrès de Vienne" (Author unknown)(Link)– Ramsay Muir, George Philip (ed.): Philip’s New School Atlas of Universal History, George Philip & Son, Ltd., London 1928– Dr. Walter Leisering (ed.): Putzger Historischer Weltatlas, Cornelsen Verlag, Berlin 1992, ISBN 3-464-00176-8– Bayerischer Schulbuch-Verlag (ed.): Großer Historischer Weltatlas, Dritter Teil, Neuzeit, Bayerischer Schulbuch-Verlag, München 1981, ISBN 3-7627-6021-7.– Prof. Dr. Hans-Erich Stier, Prof. Dr. Ernst Kirsten a. o. (ed.): Großer Atlas zur Weltgeschichte, Orbis Verlag, München 1990, ISBN 3-7627-6021-7Other publications– Reinhard Stauber: Der Wiener Kongress, Böhlau Verlag, Wien/Köln/Weimar 2014, ISBN 978-3-8252-4095-0– Thierry Lentz: 1815. Der Wiener Kongress und die Neugründung Europas, Siedler Verlag, München 2014, ISBN 978-3-8275-0027-4, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=50255845
By en:User:Aris Katsaris – File:Colonisation2.gif, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=350016
By I, Aotearoa, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2284433
By The Opte Project – Originally from the English Wikipedia; description page is/was here., CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1538544
By RIA Novosti archive, image #699865 / Vladimir Fedorenko / CC-BY-SA 3.0, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=17824601
By Wpg guy – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10795997

How Women and Minority Entrepreneurs Can Get the Best Resources

All entrepreneurs face difficulties in getting funding, customers, advice and other resources. But for women and minority entrepreneurs, it has always more been difficult than for the typical small business owners.

On the Small Business Radio Show this week, Elizabeth Gore, the co-founder and president of Alice helps businesses launch and grow. Through a network of more than 100,000 companies in all 50 states, Alice is building the largest community of business owners in the country while tracking data and trends to increase owner success rate. Previously, Elizabeth served as Entrepreneur in Residence at Dell Technologies.

Hello Alice

Elizabeth describes the goal of Alice as a way to build an intelligent and free resource to entrepreneurs to help change the existing entrepreneurial landscape to be more inclusive and representative of the incredible talent small business owners of all backgrounds. It offers a conduit to innovations funds, grants, and comarketing opportunities.

She emphasizes the financial community needs to get equal access to capital. That includes women and minorities who have typically been shut out of traditional sources. As a result, these groups loose the opportunity they would have had if given a chance. Elizabeth mentions that only 2% of woman get venture capital. And only .001% of Latina entrepreneurs do. As a result, her mission is to create systems that are more applicable to the way these people work and their different competing responsibilities.

Alice recently closed a Series A round last year. This included a first-of-its-kind #MeToo clause. It holds their investors accountable for discriminatory behaviors based on race, gender, or sexual orientation. These are actions that do not align with their inclusivity values as a company. They wanted to redefine the funding landscape. And are doing this by writing their own rules. So they put a “morality clause on the table”.  Elizabeth felt that building a #MeToo clause was about much more than sexual misconduct. She says that “it represented an opportunity for us to tackle bias as a whole in the business world. We are lucky to have an incredible group of investors that have supported and our clause, including John China at Silicon Valley Bank, Serena Williams, and Bumble.”

Listen to the entire interview on the Small Business Radio Show.

Image: helloalice.com

How to Deal With Anxiety at Work

The American Psychological Association (APA) defines anxiety as “an emotion characterized by feelings of tension, nervousness, or unease, typically about an imminent event or something with an uncertain outcome.

We live in more uncertain times and that heightens anxiety in our lives, but especially in our work life.

Based on a survey from the Anxiety Disorders Association of America, while only 9% of individuals are living with a diagnosed anxiety disorder, 40% experience ongoing stress or anxiety in their daily lives, worried thoughts and physical changes like increased blood pressure.

It is important to know the difference between normal feelings of anxiety and an anxiety disorder requiring medical attention which can help a person identify and treat the condition.

The symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) will often include:

  • restlessness, and a feeling of being “on-edge”
  • uncontrollable feelings of worry
  • increased irritability
  • concentration difficulties
  • sleep difficulties, such as problems in falling or staying asleep

The American Psychology Association describes a person with anxiety disorder as “having recurring intrusive thoughts or concerns.” Once anxiety reaches the stage of a disorder, it can interfere with daily function. It’s important to know if your anxiety is general or possibly a disorder, which should include a medical evaluation.

Anxiety in the Workplace

Anxiety at work especially in these current times brings challenges that impact all of our current workplace demographics and workforce diversity. The generations in our current workforce represent  Baby Boomers, Gen x, Millennials and GenZ, which spans ages 70 to 20’s. They are more educated, diverse and bring different and important skills to the table. Women are expected to continue to gain share, rising from 46.8 percent of the workforce in 2014 to 47.2 percent by 2024.

We can help each other get through our anxieties by supporting each other and sharing our experiences of how we got through them. Anxiety is a human emotion that gets triggered by so many personal and professional factors. Regardless, we need some concrete and solid ideas, tools and suggestions to help us deal with our anxiety and emotions.

Trying to convince yourself to stop being anxious when you’re feeling anxious is a bit like telling yourself to fall asleep when you have insomnia — it doesn’t work. So what does?

Coping with anxiety when you’re at work and expected to perform at your best can be particularly challenging.

Whether you’re worrying about something specific, like an imminent deadline, or you just have a formless feeling of dread, you might be telling yourself something along these lines: “You’ve got to get back to work, stop worrying, stop obsessing, get your head back in the game and just focus!“

Easier said than done.

How to Deal With Anxiety at Work

Trust Your Feelings

Have you experienced an anxiety attack at work and do you remember how you felt?  Too many of us don’t feel like mental symptoms are as real as physical ones. Thinking that mental health problems are, in some way, not as real as physical ones is not uncommon. This year, millions of Internet users have asked Google if mental illness is real, and the Internet abounds with public awareness campaigns from the government and non-profit organizations answering with a resounding “Yes!”

“Anxiety disorders are real, serious medical conditions — just as real and serious as physical disorders such as heart disease or diabetes,” writes the ADAA.

“Anxiety disorders are the most common and pervasive mental disorders in the United States.”  The National Institutes of Health (NIH) reports that as many as 1 in 5 Americans are affected by anxiety disorders.

Don’t Worry About Getting Fired

A major part of having an anxiety attack in the workplace can be the fear that you’ll get fired. The good news is — you probably won’t. The fear of getting let go is often a hallmark of workplace anxiety. But should your worst “what if” scenario come true, the law is on your side.

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is designed to protect employees like you from job discrimination; so, if you tell your employer that you have a lasting “physical or mental impairment,” they are required, by law, to not only keep you on, but also provide you with “reasonable accommodation.” As the ADAA explains, your employer cannot fire you, or refuse to hire you, if you’re qualified for the job and your disability stops you from performing tasks that are “not essential” to the job.

Work With Anxiety, Not Against It

Steven Hayes, author of 46 books and over 600 scientific articles, professor of Clinical Psychology at the University of Nevada in Reno, a man who is no stranger to panic attacks himself — advocates for a more self-compassionate and self-accepting way of dealing with anxiety. In fact, Prof. Hayes is the founder of one of the newest and most innovative forms of cognitive behavioral therapy, called acceptance commitment therapy (ACT). This form of therapy starts with the acceptance and non-judgemental observation of negative thoughts, and moves toward bringing the client into the present moment and helping them lead a meaningful life.

Make Stress Your Friend

Along similar lines, health psychologist and world-renowned speaker Kelly McGonigal makes the case for a positive rethinking of stress. She explains, it’s not so much the stress itself that is harmful, as the way in which we think about it.

Instead of seeing stress as your enemy, you can make it your friend and work for you. Stress and anxiety are nothing but a sign that you care about something, and this care can be molded into something that wildly improves your performance instead of inhibiting it.

She says these 3 steps help make anxiety work for you:

  • Acknowledge stress when you experience it and allow yourself to notice the stress, including how it affects your body.
  • Welcome the stress by recognizing that it’s a response to something you care about., so try to connect to the positive motivation behind the stress. Figure out what is at stake here, and why it matters to you?”
  • Make use of the energy that stress and the anxiety it brings you, instead of wasting that energy trying to manage it. What actions can you take right now that will move your goals and values forward.

Find Activities That Make You Feel Good and Brings Balance to Your Life

  • Exercise Daily
  • Yoga and meditation has been shown to significantly reduce feelings of anxiety and stress.
  • Stress Management
  • Have a Support System
  • Seek Professional Counseling
  • Get a Mental Health Evaluation
  • Restrict Caffeine
  • Commit to a Healthy Diet and Hydrate all Day
  • Work on a Regular Sleep Pattern
  • Focus on what you have control over and let go of what you don’t
  • Spend more time with people that support and uplift you
  • Support and Uplift others who need it

Be Kinder and Gentler to Yourself

Often, those of us who live with anxiety are also perfectionists, over-achievers, and generally people who (have been taught to) expect a lot from ourselves. When you have anxiety, that makes things even worse, because not being at your best makes you angry at yourself, and treating yourself harshly is the last thing you need when you’re, in fact, at your most vulnerable.

Remember no one is ever perfect, and we all need to take care of and nurture our flawed selves. For most of us, our work days consist of sitting in front of our computers, barely blinking, let alone getting up to move. Take short breaks to get up and move around the building.  Go for a walk around the block during lunch or walk to lunch.

Just getting up and walking around your office can be the physical and mental outlet you need to let some of that stress and anxiety burn off without sending you into a spiral.

Remember It’s a Moment

When we are in the thick of our worst anxiety, it feels like it’s never going to end. Here’s the thing: it will, it’s going to end and it will pass and you aren’t going to feel anxious forever. But get into action and help yourself through it.

Take a Five-Minute Meditation Break

We take bathroom breaks. And lunch breaks. So, why shouldn’t there be five minute meditation break? Take time out to center yourself during a stressful moment or situation. This sends a message to your brain. It tells you it’s time to relax and refocus. Take some deep breaths. Let go of aggravating thoughts. And get your emotions back on track.

We need to believe things are going to be okay and put them into perspective. Then we work through our anxieties best. Keep the faith. Take the actions that can change things. And keep treating yourself with love, kindness and respect.

Don’t allow anxiety to define who you are. It doesn’t own us. We own it.

Image: Depositphotos.com

Why Leaders Need Meditation Now More Than Ever

Executive Summary

The skills leaders need in a crisis — empathy, creative thinking, analytical decision making — are the same ones that are compromised when we’re under extreme stress. Fortunately, meditation can be of tremendous help when you’re facing uncertainty and feeling threatened. Practicing meditation has been shown to reduce anxiety, calm the amygdala, increase our ability for to think creatively and empathetically take other people’s perspective. There are three practices leaders can integrate into their day now. Do a short simple meditation first thing in the morning. Start meetings with a moment of mindfulness for your team. And step back when you find yourself in unproductive thought patterns. Each of these will help you – and those you lead – stay grounded

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We’ve made our coronavirus coverage free for all readers.

A global pandemic is in full effect. Risks of infection are on the rise, stock markets are tumbling, the economy is on the verge of a global recession, and every business is facing uncertainty. Chances are high that you’re feeling overwhelmed, stressed, and afraid.

That’s normal. The survival part of our brain (mainly the amygdala) kicks in when we perceive a threat and causes our focus to narrow. This is helpful when we face an immediate threat, but it also means our thinking can follow unproductive patterns: We are more likely to engage in worst-case scenario thinking or, alternatively, deny the threat; we have less access to the creative and analytical parts of our brain; and we are impaired in our ability to empathize, listen, and relate to others.

Unfortunately, those are the exact skills we need as leaders in times of crisis. We need the full capacity of our brain to weigh best possible options, question our assumptions, come up with new and creative ways of doing things, and remain calm in order to reassure employees, customers, and business partners while listening and taking their concerns seriously.

Meditation can be of tremendous help during times like this. Practicing meditation has been shown to reduce anxiety, calm the amygdala, increase our ability to think creatively and empathetically take other people’s perspective. Steve Jobs, an early adaptor of meditation described his experience like this: “You start to see things more clearly and be in the present more. Your mind just slows down, and you see a tremendous expanse in the moment. You see so much more than you could see before.”

In my work with executives I’ve observed three practices that help in times of crisis.

Meditate first thing in the morning

In times of uncertainty, there is a strong temptation to start the day by checking your email and news. But when we do that, we are drawn into reactive mode, often fighting one fire after another. On the contrary, starting the day with a few minutes of meditation can help you center and calm fear-based thoughts. There are many different ways to do this: You can use an app such as Insight Timer and sit in bed while listening to a guided meditation. I have found it most useful to get up and, after a cup of coffee, sit down on a cushion or in a chair and practice a simple mindfulness meditation.

Over time you will notice that you start the day with an openness and awareness for possibilities that you would otherwise not have seen. Zen Master Shunryu Suzuki, one of the pioneers of meditation in the U.S., has called this “beginner’s mind.” It’s when our thoughts quiet down, our minds open up to see the present reality with less judgement and preconceived notions. Salesforce CEO, Marc Benioff, an avid meditator, describes this effect like this: “Beginner’s mind is informing me to step back, so that I can create what wants to be, not what was. I know that the future does not equal the past. I know that I have to be here in the moment.”

Start each meeting with a few minutes of meditation

We are biased toward action in times like these and sometimes that can be a good instinct. But taking a moment at the beginning of a meeting (virtual or in person) to get present, notice your own emotions, and start the meeting with an increased ability to listen and be open to ideas can can help teams to be more thoughtful about problem solving.

For some teams, this may be a new experience, and some people might find this too “touchy-feely.” So to start, tell your team that you need them fully present and focused in the meeting. Then suggest an experiment: Ask them to simply focus on their breath for one minute. When they get distracted, suggest they simply return their attention to the breath. Most first-timers are surprised at just how distracted they are and how hard it was to stay present for one minute. Most of them will also feel that they are more calm and present after doing this. And that one minute can change the nature of a meeting. As one executive described the effect this way, “Whereas often times we just talk at each other in these meetings, team members seemed to be more present, they listened, heard each other out, and showed a willingness to learn.”

Step back when you get caught in unproductive thought patterns

When you feel anxious throughout the day, take a moment to breathe and observe your thoughts. Chances are you have left the present moment and gone down a rabbit hole of thinking through future scenarios. While scenario planning is critical, it’s important to do it with presence and a calm state of mind, examining actual facts and not getting carried away by the fiction of your mind. Practically, this is what this looks like: Sit in your chair, close your eyes and focus your attention on the movement of your belly, breathing in and out. After a while you will notice your thoughts calm down, you’ll feel more present and alive. And you’ll start to notice an opening of possibilities and opportunities.

One of the most important advantages of meditation is that it allows us to step out of our own survival centric thinking and connect with others empathetically. This is important, because research shows that when we get scared, we display greater egocentrism and it is harder for us to take other peoples’ perspective. But people inside and outside your organization are in distress right now. This is an opportunity to show compassion and care in difficult times, an opportunity to show your team and organization who you are as a leader.

A Fresh Leadership Model for a New Decade

Guest post from Dr. Ranya Nehmeh:
Why do the rest of us act like millennials are from another planet? We have a need to comment on the constant screen gazing, the matcha latte obsession, the job-hopping, the mood swings from apathy to omg…don’t even try to say you don’t know what I’m talking about. Millennials are such a distinct demographic, possessing generation wide characteristics that seem far from the norm, but let’s face it, this is the group that will start dictating the norm, especially in the work place.
Organizations have undergone massive shifts over the last decade in terms of how they operate. The workplace of today is unrecognizable compared to when baby boomers (born between 1946 – 64) started their careers. Work spaces, technology, demographics, cultural sensitivities, and remote working are but a few of the areas that have changed. Boomers instigated many of these changes to adapt the workplace to fit their needs. But now that they are starting to retire, what will happen to their stable work approach and traditional top-down leadership practices?
Thanks, but no thanks Boomer, is what the tech-savvy, confident millennials (born between 1980 – 2000) are saying. They prefer a bottoms-up approach, and want to feel involved and valued in the workplace. They have no interest in being told how things are done, or how things work.  They also have different ideas about what constitutes a good leader. This has contributed to a leadership gap: what millennials expect vs. what they are getting from their leaders.  
With the onset of a new decade, it is predicted that millennials will make up almost half of the American workforce, so it is time for organizations to pay attention and minimize this leadership gap in order to embrace, as opposed to alienate, this valuable group of workers. The key is to stop trying to lead millennials by using generic leadership approaches, and start looking for innovative ideas that speak to this specific target group, or better yet, just start by listening.
So where do we start? Well, we need to ask them what they want and not scoff at their responses.   That’s what I did. I went straight to the source and conducted an extensive survey of over 700 millennials from around the globe. And so, after dozens of conversations, and a few too many matcha lattes, I had a much better understanding of what they wanted. There was consistency in what they were asking for, which was a leadership style that was in sync with the times (technology, social media, ethics, respect) and catered to their needs, perspectives and strengths. Nine clear leadership traits emerged. I took the first letter of each trait and came up with the word … CHAMELEON.
Emotional Intelligence
Overcome Obstacles
The ideal leader of millennials would possess these nine traits…The CHAMELEON Leader.
During the survey, one of the questions asked participants if their leadership expectations were met when they joined the workplace; 62% said no. This statistic is alarming and highlights that millennials’ leadership expectations are, for the most part, not being met. Of course we like to say their expectations are unrealistic, but if you take a look at them you will realize that they are very in tune with the world we live in, and the world we hope to live in.
The CHAMELEON Leader is meant to provide the bridge between expectation and reality. Why a chameleon? Because chameleons change color according to the situation. They are adaptable!
This new decade, which will be ripe with environmental concerns, instability, and technology booms, requires a new leadership model. Leaders who are ready to embrace this young and ambitious generation and lead them energetically into the future will require a shift in mind-set, a visionary approach, a willingness to collaborate not dictate, inspire not conspire, but most importantly to get excited about the potential benefits of having this generation on board. Being a chameleon leader for millennials means finding out what is important to them and creating an authentic way to communicate that understanding. 

Dr. Ranya Nehmeh, author of the book The CHAMELEON Leader. Connecting with Millennials holds a Doctorate in Business Administration from the Swiss Management

University and a Masters in Human Resources from the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). She has over fifteen years of work experience in the area of human resource management. Based in Vienna, Austria. Ranya considers herself a third-culture kid. The CHAMELEON Leader is her debut book.