Building a Winning Data Strategy: An MIT SMR Executive Guide

Topics

Building a Winning Data Strategy

Building a winning data strategy requires bold moves and new ideas. Creating a strong data foundation within the organization and putting a premium on nontechnical factors such as analytical agility and culture help companies stay ahead. This MIT SMR Executive Guide, published as a series over three weeks, offers insights on how companies can move forward with data in an era of constant change.

Brought to you by

See All Articles in This Series

Today’s companies are swimming in data — but how do we build a data strategy that creates value? That question is at the center of the upcoming MIT SMR Executive Guide, which will explore how organizations and leaders can move forward with data in an era of constant change.

With a robust data strategy, companies can respond to new opportunities faster and improve the customer experience. And when companies embrace a collaborative, data-driven culture, leaders can make better, more informed decisions.

There is no question that a winning data strategy offers organizations a competitive edge, but leaders can expect to face nontrivial challenges along the way. Our new executive guide, “Building a Winning Data Strategy,” features new articles from renowned data experts that can help your organization build a successful approach to data.

Summaries of the upcoming article series, which begins on Sept. 28, are included below. Sign up to be notified when new articles are published, and in the meantime, explore our library of recent data and analytics articles available now.

Getting Serious About Data and Data Science

Thomas C. Redman and Thomas H. Davenport

Too often, leaders make the mistake of seeing data too narrowly — as something relegated to IT and data science teams. This can lead companies to overlook data’s transformative potential and underinvest in critical areas such as people, processes, and culture. This article looks at how companies can get on the right path by shifting goals, mustering resources, and aligning people. Available Sept. 28.

Why Culture Is the Greatest Barrier to Data Success

Randy Bean

To be successful with data and analytics, organizations must evolve and change the ways in which they structure current business processes. The ones that recognize that competing with data requires them to do business a little differently and embrace change will be well-positioned to realize the benefits of a data-driven culture. Available Sept. 30.

Actioned Analytics Pave the Way to New Customer Value

Barbara H. Wixom and Gabriele Piccoli

One of the data industry’s secrets is that most organizations don’t know what to do with their own data. This article examines how leading companies are delivering action-inspiring analytics to customers that provide more opportunities to measure, monitor, influence, and drive real value creation. Available Oct. 5.

Data Governance in the 21st-Century Organization

Gregory Vial

A winning data strategy relies on consistent, strong data governance throughout the organization. But governing data is not easy, and there is no magic bullet that guarantees success. Good governance requires balance and adjustment, and when done well, it can fuel digital innovation without compromising security. Available Oct. 7.

The Enterprise Systems That Companies Need to Create

David Waller and Paul Beswick

To succeed in the next era of data technology, companies need to create enterprise systems that allow them to make fundamentally better business decisions. Tech upgrades can be revenue generators, not just cost sinks or soon-to-be legacy burdens. This article looks at three transformation strategies that can create value and enable continuous innovation. Available Oct. 12.

How Organizations Can Build Analytics Agility

Lori C. Bieda

In order to detect and respond to disruptive events with agility, companies must increase their analytical fitness and develop strong muscle memory for when they are put to the test. To achieve this, companies should focus on three areas: improving data, augmenting business processes to fit changing contexts, and investing in talent with hybrid skill sets. Available Oct. 14.

Topics

Building a Winning Data Strategy

Building a winning data strategy requires bold moves and new ideas. Creating a strong data foundation within the organization and putting a premium on nontechnical factors such as analytical agility and culture help companies stay ahead. This MIT SMR Executive Guide, published as a series over three weeks, offers insights on how companies can move forward with data in an era of constant change.

Brought to you by

See All Articles in This Series

Diversity in AI: The Invisible Men and Women

Topics

Column

Our expert columnists offer opinion and analysis on important issues facing modern businesses and managers.

See All Articles in This Series

In June, a crisis erupted in the artificial intelligence world. Conversation on Twitter exploded after a new tool for creating realistic, high-resolution images of people from pixelated photos showed its racial bias, turning a pixelated yet recognizable photo of former President Barack Obama into a high-resolution photo of a white man. Researchers soon posted images of other famous Black, Asian, and Indian people, and other people of color, being turned white.

The conversation became intense. Two well-known AI corporate researchers — Facebook’s chief AI scientist, Yann LeCun, and Google’s co-lead of AI ethics, Timnit Gebru — expressed strongly divergent views about how to interpret the tool’s error. A heated, multiday online debate ensued, dividing the field into two distinct camps: Some argued that the bias shown in the results came from bad (that is, incomplete) data being fed into the algorithm, while others argued that it came from bad (that is, short-sighted) decisions about the algorithm itself, including what data to consider.

A new AI tool turned a pixelated photo of this column’s coauthor, Charles Isbell, from an image of a Black man to an image of a white man.

Bias has plagued the AI field for years, so this particular AI tool’s Black-to-white photo transformation isn’t completely unexpected. However, what the debate made obvious is that not all AI researchers have embraced concerns about diversity. This is a fact that will fundamentally affect any organization that plays in the AI space.

What’s more, there’s a question here that many organizations should pay attention to: Why didn’t it occur to anyone to test the software on cases involving people of color in the first place?

We would argue that this is a case of invisibility. Sometimes people of color are present, and we’re not seen. Other times we are missing, but our absence is not noticed. It is the latter that is the problem here.

One Crisis Begets Another

Part of the problem is that there are relatively few Black people and other people of color working in AI. At some of the top technology companies, the numbers are especially bleak: Black workers represent only 2.5% of Google’s entire workforce and 4% of Facebook’s and Microsoft’s. Gender comparisons are also stark: Globally, only 22% of AI professionals are female, while 78% are male. (The math is simple but worth laying out explicitly.) There is a dearth of diversity in the professoriat as well, which is troubling given that colleges are the primary organizations where AI professionals are trained.

Considering the growing role that AI plays in organizations’ business processes, in the development of their products, and in the products themselves, the lack of diversity in AI and the invisibility of people of color will grow into a cascade of crises, with issues piling one upon another, if these biases are not addressed soon. We’ve already seen companies pull their advertising dollars from Facebook because of its poor handling of hate speech. We’ve seen companies issue moratoriums on the sale of facial recognition software, which has long been recognized as having built-in racial and gender biases.

Frankly, we are at a time when the pandemic crisis and the hasty adaptation of AI to track COVID-19’s spread provide a unique opportunity to institute change within the world of AI. This includes changes to the inherent bias problems caused by the underrepresentation of Black and female professionals, as well as other traditionally underrepresented groups, in the field.

Addressing AI’s Invisibility Problem

We propose that to tackle the general problems of underrepresentation in AI, we can all take some lessons from the specific development model used within the AI field itself. That is, when researchers develop a new AI product, they mitigate bias once they become aware of it and take responsibility for fixing it. The larger issues we’re discussing can be approached with the same mindset.

There are three key leverage points:

1. Recognize that differences matter. In machine learning, it’s not just sufficient to feed diverse data into a learning system. Rather, an AI system also needs to be designed so that it does not disregard data just because it appears to be anomalous based on the small number of data points.

Just as differences in data matter, differences within workforces matter too. The AI approach to embracing diverse data is analogous to the recognition that there is a difference between equality and equity in the workforce: Equality means providing everyone the same resources within an established process, but equity demands paying attention to what happens throughout a process, including examining the fairness of the process itself. Organizations need to pay attention to bringing in diverse voices not just when they’re recruiting people but when they’re strategizing around retention and development as well. Companies need to retain those voices and not disregard them because they’re small in number.

2. Recognize that diversity in leadership matters. In AI and machine learning, ensemble methods — that is, learning systems that combine different kinds of functions, each with its own different biases — have long been credited as often being better performing than completely homogeneous methods. These learning systems are leaders in optimizing AI outcomes and are diverse by design.

The parallel for organizations that want to tackle the underrepresentation of Black and female voices is that having diversity in the leadership also leads to diversity in how problems are recognized and how talent is developed. For example, after the desegregation of schools in the United States that followed the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education court case, the U.S. saw a significant drop in diversity among teachers. There is a direct line between this drop in diversity among the gatekeepers of education and a corresponding drop in Black students being recommended for gifted-and-talented programs. When it comes to who is seen and who is not seen, it matters dramatically who the leaders and gatekeepers are.

3. Recognize that accountability is necessary. In AI and machine learning, a machine learns by means of a loss function — a method for evaluating how well a specific search algorithm models the given data. If predictions deviate too much from actual results, a loss function punishes the learning system accordingly, because without an objective and clear incentive that allows a system to know how it is performing, there is no way to know how it is performing. This is the essence of AI accountability.

Accountability matters when companies purport to be working to fix issues of underrepresentation. Companies have long known that gender and ethnic diversity affects the bottom line. Report after report showcases that companies that lag in gender and ethnic diversity among their workforces, management teams, executives, and boardrooms are less likely to achieve above-average profitability. In our minds, this correlates with a well-known saying in the AI and computing community: “Garbage in, garbage out.”

More simply put, if an organization’s leadership and workforce do not reflect the diverse range of customers it serves, its outputs will eventually be found to be substandard. Because learning algorithms are a part of larger systems composed of other technologies and the people who create them and implement them, bias can creep in anywhere in the pipeline. If the diversity within an organization’s pipeline is low at any point, the organization opens itself up to biases — including ones that are deep enough and, potentially, public enough that they could divide customers and eventually lead to obsolescence and failure. Some customers would stay, but others would leave.

Although companies profess that they’ve tried to address this diversity crisis, the needle has barely moved. Since 2014, when the large tech companies began publishing annual diversity reports, few have made much ground in terms of ethnic diversity. Some have made small gains in gender diversity.

Tech companies have been focused on point problems and point solutions. In other words, they’ve been putting out fires and not addressing fundamental causes. But you can’t just apply a bandage to a gushing wound when a tourniquet is necessary. Organizations and those who truly wish to lead in this area have to stop focusing on just one area, one product, and one controversy. The actual problem is pervasive and systemic, and it demands creative solutions and true accountability.

Reflexiones de Vida || Vacia tu Mente – Una Poderosa Historia Zen

Reflexiones de Vida || Vacia tu Mente - Una Poderosa Historia Zen

Reflexiones de Vida || Vacia tu Mente – Una Poderosa Historia Zen

🎥 Video Original ||. Dare to Do Motivation

🔴 URGENTE: Recibe cada Semana Nuevos Videos
Suscribete ➤ http://bit.ly/másconocimiento ✅✅

LIKE 👍 COMENTA 💬 COMPARTE 🎁

Muchas Gracias por Ayudarnos a Continuar
➤ ➤ http://www.paypal.me/conocimiento1111

HA LLEGADO LA HORA DE HACER TUS SUEÑOS REALIDAD.-

#ConocimientoparaTodos, #Motivación

LIKE 👍 COMENTA 💬COMPARTE 🎁
======================================================

🎤 Presentador || Reinaldo Aguila
https://bit.ly/2LI1rnh

🎶Musica Original || Envato Elements

=====================================================

Síguenos en Nuestras Redes Sociales:
📸 INSTAGRAM:
https://www.instagram.com/conocimientoparatodos

👍FACEBOOK:
https://www.facebook.com/canalconocimientoparatodos

🏆WEBPAGE:
https://www.conocimientoparatodos.net/

⭐TWITTER:

🔥TikTok
@ConocimientoparaTodos

=====================================================

►FAIR-USE COPYRIGHT DISCLAIMER

* Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for "fair use" for purposes such as criticism, commenting, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.

1)This video has no negative impact on the original works (It would actually be positive for them)
2)This video is also for teaching purposes.
3)It is not transformative in nature.
4)I only used bits and pieces of videos to get the point across where necessary.

CONOCIMIENTO PARA TODOS does not own the rights to these video clips. They have, in accordance with fair use, been repurposed with the intent of educating and inspiring others. However, if any content owners would like their images removed, please contact us by email at [email protected]

“Debes hacer esto y preparar un Plan B” – Robert Kiyosaki [AVISA A TU FAMILIA PARA QUE SE PREPAREN]

"Debes hacer esto y preparar un Plan B" - Robert Kiyosaki [AVISA A TU FAMILIA PARA QUE SE PREPAREN]

"Debes hacer esto y preparar un Plan B" – Robert Kiyosaki [AVISA A TU FAMILIA PARA QUE SE PREPAREN]

🎥 Video Original: https://bit.ly/2RMjmtI

🔴 URGENTE: Recibe cada Semana Nuevos Videos
Suscribete ➤ http://bit.ly/másconocimiento ✅✅

LIKE 👍 COMENTA 💬 COMPARTE 🎁

Muchas Gracias por Ayudarnos a Continuar
➤ ➤ http://www.paypal.me/conocimiento1111

HA LLEGADO LA HORA DE HACER TUS SUEÑOS REALIDAD.-

#ConocimientoparaTodos, #Motivación

LIKE 👍 COMENTA 💬COMPARTE 🎁
======================================================

🎤 Presentador || Reinaldo Aguila
https://bit.ly/2LI1rnh

🎧 Grabado Mezclado y Masterizado por Richard Iturra
Ripo Studios: https://bit.ly/2MkcKkb

🎥 Edicion de Video || Nelson Huerta
https://www.50mm.cl/

🎶Musica Original || Envato Elements

=====================================================

Síguenos en Nuestras Redes Sociales:
📸 INSTAGRAM:
https://www.instagram.com/conocimientoparatodos

👍FACEBOOK:
https://www.facebook.com/canalconocimientoparatodos

🏆WEBPAGE:
https://www.conocimientoparatodos.net/

⭐TWITTER:

🔥TikTok
@ConocimientoparaTodos

=====================================================

What Is Business Coaching & What Does A Business Coach Do?

What Is Business Coaching & What Does A Business Coach Do?

Interested in becoming or hiring a business coach? We clarify everything you need to know about business coaching. Get started as a business coach in 4 simple steps: http://go.evercoach.com/-6V-socp

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:
0:00 What Is Business Coaching
1:31 What Does A Business Coach Do?
4:03 The Opportunity In Business Coaching
4:49 Consulting vs Business Coaching
7:00 How To Coach Businesses
9:08 What Results Can A Business Coach Create?
10:55 How To Become A Business Coach

– Discover the 4 steps to enroll and coach businesses in this free masterclass: http://go.evercoach.com/-6V-socp

Love this video? Subscribe to our channel for your weekly dose of learning, growth, and fun! We release new videos like this every Thursday, you won’t want to miss them 😉

#BusinessCoaching #BusinessCoach #Coaching